Clonal Hematopoiesis

In medicine today, many scientists are trying to figure out why so many people are dying from heart attacks or strokes even though they display limited symptoms. Researchers have found that it has something to do with the bone marrow. Scientists have found that the mutation of stem cells within the bone marrow can increase a person’s chances of dying in a decade by 50%! They have termed this condition as clonal hematopoiesis or CHIP for short. In fact, this disease is so powerful that it has greater effects of causing a stroke or a heart attack more than high blood pressure or high cholesterol levels do.

Even though you might be unfamiliar with the disease, it’s not as uncommon as you think. Many people in the later stages of life have a higher probability of being diagnosed with the disease. A whopping 50 percent of people in their 80s most likely have an underlying form of the disease that has not been diagnosed. Unfortunately, there are not many things you can do to prevent the disease. A lot of it is just bad luck.

Scientists have done many studies on the white blood cells and they all had the same conclusion. The blood cells that had been mutated were linked with leukemia even though the patients didn’t have leukemia. They just had clusters of mutations within the bone marrow. In short, the stem cells in the bone marrow produce countless amounts of blood cells everyday. When a stem cell gets mutated, the blood cells it develops also have the mutation. The mutations ultimately spread to every stem cell within the marrow, forming a tumor.

All in all, CHIP is a relatively new discovery that researchers don’t know much about. Common sense would say it’s best to implement a healthy diet and an active lifestyle to combat many diseases. However, like the current research stated, there’s really no way of preventing CHIP.

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